Thin viscoelastic dewetting films of Jeffreys type subjected to gravity and substrate interactions
Department of Mathematical Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology, 07102, Newark, NJ, USA
Accepted: 4 January 2019
Published online: 30 January 2019
This work presents a study of the interfacial dynamics of thin viscoelastic films subjected to the gravitational force and substrate interactions induced by the disjoining pressure, in two spatial dimensions. The governing equation is derived as a long-wave approximation of the Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible viscoelastic liquids under the effect of gravity, with the Jeffreys model for viscoelastic stresses. For the particular cases of horizontal or inverted planes, the linear stability analysis is performed to investigate the influence of the physical parameters involved on the growth rate and length scales of instabilities. Numerical simulations of the nonlinear regime of the dewetting process are presented for the particular case of an inverted plane. Both gravity and the disjoining pressure are found to affect not only the length scale of instabilities, but also the final configuration of dewetting, by favoring the formation of satellite droplets, that are suppressed by the slippage with the solid substrate.
Key words: Topical issue: Flowing Matter, Problems and Applications
© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2019