Local friction at a sliding interface between an elastomer and a rigid spherical probe
Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Polymères et des Milieux Dispersés (PPMD), UMR CNRS 7615, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Ecole Supérieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielles (ESPCI), 10 rue Vauquelin, 75231, Paris Cedex 05, France
Accepted: 18 September 2008
Published online: 15 October 2008
This paper reports on spatially resolved measurements of the shear stress distribution at a frictional interface between a flat rubber substrate and a glass lens. Silicone rubber specimens marked close to their surface by a colored pattern have been prepared in order to measure the surface displacement field induced by the steady-state friction of the spherical probe. The deconvolution of this displacement field then provides the actual shear stress distribution at the contact interface. When a smooth glass lens is used, a nearly constant shear stress is achieved within the contact. On the other hand, a bell-shaped shear stress distribution is obtained with rough lenses. These first results suggest that simple notions of real contact area and constant interface shear stress cannot account for the observed changes in local friction when roughness is varied.
PACS: 46.55.+d Tribology and mechanical contacts – / 62.20.Qp Friction, tribology, and hardness –
© Springer, 2008