Non-Amontons behavior of friction in single contacts
Institut des Nanosciences de Paris, UMR 7588 CNRS-Université Paris 6, 140 rue de Lourmel, 75015, Paris, France
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Published online: 21 February 2006
We report on the frictional properties of a single contact between a glassy polymer lens and a flat silica substrate covered either by a disordered or by a self-assembled alkylsilane monolayer. We find that, in contrast to a widely spread belief, the Amontons proportionality between frictional and normal stresses does not hold. Besides, we observe that the velocity dependence of the sliding stress is strongly sensitive to the structure of the silane layer. Analysis of the frictional rheology observed on both disordered and self-assembled monolayers suggests that dissipation is controlled by the plasticity of a glass-like interfacial layer in the former case, and by pinning of polymer chains on the substrate in the latter one.
PACS: 81.40.Pq Friction, lubrication and wear – / 62.20.Fe Deformation and plasticity (including yield, ductility, and superplasticity) – / 61.20.Lc Time-dependent properties, relaxation –
© EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag, 2006