Regular Article - Flowing Matter
New insight into 3-picoline—deuterium oxide (D2O) mixtures of limited miscibility with the lower critical consolute temperature
Institute of High Pressure Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Sokołowska 29/37, 01-142, Warsaw, Poland
Accepted: 5 August 2022
Published online: 8 September 2022
Coexistence curves in mixtures of limited miscibility with the lower critical consolute temperature (LCT), of 3-picoline with deuterium oxide (D2O), and D2O/H2O have been determined. They were tested with respect to the order parameter, the diameter of the binodal, and coordinates of the critical consolute point (critical temperature and critical concentration ). Studies were carried out using the innovative method based on the analysis of relative volumes occupied by coexisting phases, yielding high-resolution data. The clear violation of the Cailletet-Mathew law of rectilinear diameter for the LCT mixtures of limited miscibility is evidenced. For the order parameter, the new distortion-sensitive analysis method yielded the evidence for the model-value of the order parameter critical exponent , up to ca. 1 K from . Finally, the simple & easy method for determining the critical concentration by testing relative volumes of coexisting phases (or alternatively fractional meniscus heights, h) is presented. The significance of the invariant value is highlighted. The appearance of the milky & bluish critical opalescence is also shown.
© The Author(s) 2022
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