Regular Article - Soft Matter
Structural transitions in two-dimensional modulated systems under triangular confinement
Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, School of physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
Accepted: 24 August 2022
Published online: 7 September 2022
We study numerically the structural transitions of two-dimensional systems of classic particles with competing interactions under a triangular confinement with two different types of soft-wall potentials. We observe a variety of novel confinement-induced equilibrium configurations as a function of particle density and confinement steepness for each considered confinement potential. The specific role played by the confining potentials on the ordering of the particle clusters is revealed. These findings allow us to control the self-organization of modulated systems through using external confinements.
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