Regular Article - Soft Matter
Effects of hydrocarbon chain on the vesicle size distribution, kinetics of average size, bending modulus, and elastic modulus of lipid membranes
Department of Physics, University of Dhaka, 1000, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Department of Physics, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, 1000, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Accepted: 6 June 2022
Published online: 24 June 2022
The effects of the hydrocarbon chain of lipids on the size distribution of giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs), kinetics of average size, bending modulus, and elastic modulus of membranes have been investigated. 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (18:1 (Δ9-Cis) PC (DOPC)), 1,2-dipalmitoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (16:1 (Δ9-Cis) PC), and 1,2-ditridecanoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (13:0 PC (DTPC)) lipids were considered. The number of hydrocarbons in a chain of the corresponding lipid was 18, 16, and 13. GUVs were prepared using the natural swelling method under incubation times of 20, 40, 60, 90, 120, and 180 min. The size distribution of vesicles was fitted using the lognormal distribution. The average sizes of DOPC, 16:1 (Δ9-Cis) PC, and DTPC-GUVs increased with the incubation time until 120 min, and then remained steady at 16.7 ± 0.2, 15.2 ± 0.4 and 12.0 ± 0.3 µm for the corresponding lipids. The average size at equilibrium state increased with the number of hydrocarbons. The incubation time-dependent average size was fitted with an exponential growth equation, and then the kinetic constants of 0.028 ± 0.004, 0.036 ± 0.007, and 0.083 ± 0.009 min−1 for DOPC, 16:1 (Δ9-Cis) PC, and DTPC-GUVs, respectively, were obtained. The equilibrium size distribution was fitted by the theoretical equation, and the bending modulus for DOPC, 16:1 (Δ9-Cis) PC, and DTPC membranes were 19.5 ± 0.2, 18.5 ± 0.1 and 14.3 ± 0.1 kBT, respectively. The bending modulus increased with the number of hydrocarbons. The elastic modulus of these membranes was 261 mN/m with a 4% fluctuation. The correlation between the average size and the square root of the bending modulus was supported by theoretical analysis.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022