Regular Article - Soft Matter
Dynamics of a collection of active particles on a two-dimensional periodic undulated surface
Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi, 221005, Varanasi, India
Accepted: 22 February 2021
Published online: 8 March 2021
We study the dynamics of circular disk-shaped active particles on a two-dimensional periodic undulated surface. Each particle has an internal energy mechanism which is modeled by an active friction force and it is controlled by an activity parameter . It acts as negative friction if the speed of the particle is smaller than and normal friction otherwise. Surface undulation is modeled by the periodic undulation of fixed amplitude and wavelength. The dynamics of the particle is studied for different activities and surface undulations (SU). Three types of particle dynamic is observed on varying activity and SU: confined, early time subdiffusion to diffusion and super diffusion to late time diffusion. An effective equilibrium is established by showing the Green–Kubo relation between the effective diffusivity and the velocity auto-correlation function for all activities and small SU.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021