Relating the physical properties of aqueous solutions of ionic liquids with their chemical structures
Department of Physics, School of Natural Sciences, Shiv Nadar University, NH 92, 201314, Tehsil Dadri, G. B. Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
Accepted: 8 July 2020
Published online: 21 August 2020
The physical properties of an aqueous solution of a macromolecule primarily depend on its chemical structure and the mesoscopic aggregates formed by many of such molecules. Ionic liquids (ILs) are the macromolecules that have caught significant research interests for their enormous industrial and biomedical applications. In the present paper, the physical properties, such as density, viscosity, ionic conductivity of aqueous solutions of various ILs, have been investigated. These properties are found to systematically depend on the shape and size of the anion and the cation along with the solution concentration. The ionic conductivity and viscosity behavior of the solutions do not strictly follow the Walden rule that relates the conductivity to the viscosity of the solution. However, the modified Walden rule could explain the behavior. A simple calculation based on the geometry of a given molecule could shed the light on the observed results.
Key words: Flowing Matter: Liquids and Complex Fluids
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2020