Behavior of viscoelastic models with thermal fluctuations
Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Polymer Technology, PO Box 513, NL-5600 MB, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Accepted: 14 April 2020
Published online: 25 May 2020
Fluctuating viscoelasticity for conformation-tensor-based models is studied at equilibrium, in simple-shear deformation, and in uniaxial extension. The models studied are the upper-convected Maxwell model, the FENE-P model with finite chain-extensibility, and the Giesekus model with anisotropic drag. Using numerical simulations, the models are compared in detail both with each other and with analytical predictions for the Maxwell model. At equilibrium, the models differ only marginally, both in terms of static and dynamic characteristics. When deformed, the average mechanical response of the Maxwell model is unaffected by the strength of thermal fluctuations, while the mechanical response of the FENE-P and Giesekus models show a slight decrease the stronger the fluctuations in simple shear, whereas the decrease in uniaxial extension is marginal. For all models, the standard deviation of the mechanical response increases with increasing strength of fluctuations, and the magnitude of the standard deviation relative to the average for given fluctuation strength generally decreases the stronger the deformation, this effect being stronger for uniaxial extension than for simple-shear deformation.
Key words: Flowing Matter: Liquids and Complex Fluids
© The Author(s), 2020