Translocation of a granular chain in a horizontally vibrated saw-tooth channel
Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Gava Zang, 45195-159, Zanjan, Iran
2 Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute, University of Amsterdam, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Accepted: 27 September 2016
Published online: 21 October 2016
We study the translocation mechanism of a granular chain in a horizontally vibrated saw-tooth channel using MD simulations and macro-scale experiments and show that the translocation speed is independent of the chain length as long as the chain length is larger than the spatial period of the saw-tooth. With the help of simulation, we explore the effect of geometry of the container and frequency and amplitude of vibration as well as chain flexibility on the chain drift speed. We observe that the most efficient transport is achieved when one of the channel walls is shifted with respect to the other wall by an amount equal to half the spatial period of the saw-tooth. We define a persistence length for the chain and show that the translocation speed depends on the ratio of persistence length over the spatial period of the saw-tooth. The optimum translocation occurs when this ratio is about 0.4. We also determine the optimum saw-tooth angle for the translocation of the chain as well as the optimum distance between the two walls. Some properties of this system are similar to those of polymer systems.
Key words: Flowing Matter: Granular Matter
© The Author(s), 2016