The origin of granular convection in vertically vibrated particle beds: The differential shear flow field
State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, 100081, Beijing, China
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Accepted: 17 December 2012
Published online: 29 January 2013
This paper investigates the particle scale dynamics of granular convection in vertically vibrated granular beds. The onset of the convection is found to coincide with the noticeable particle transverse migrations from the side walls towards the centre of the bed, which only take place in the wake of the gravity wave front dividing the upward moving particles and the falling ones. The mechanism driving the particle inward flows and thus sustaining the complete convection rolls can be understood in light of a convection model based on void penetration. This stochastic convection model reveals that the underlying driving force is a distinctive differential shear flow field arising from the combined effect of frictional holdback by the walls and the downward pull of gravity. The changes of the convection pattern with inceasing acceleration amplitude, in terms of the convection strength and the thickness of the bottom of the convection rolls, can be accounted for by this model.
Key words: Flowing Matter: Granular Matter
© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2013