Topical Issue on Dygram 2006
A brief review of “granular elasticity”
Why and how far is sand elastic?
School of Physics Science and Technology & State Key Laboratory for Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha, 410083, P.R. China
2 Theoretische Physik, Universität Tübingen, 72076, Tübingen, Germany
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 21 February 2007
Although granular materials are predominantly plastic, preparation-dependent, anisotropic under shear, and incrementally nonlinear, their static stress distribution is well accounted for, in the whole range up to the point of failure, by an isotropic, nonlinear and carefully tailored elasticity theory termed GE, for “granular elasticity”. Its usefulness, limits, and the understanding behind it are reviewed, and some contentious questions (e.g. what is the elastic reference state, how to measure the elastic displacement) discussed.
PACS: 45.70.-n Granular systems – / 81.05.Rm Porous materials; granular materials – / 81.40.Jj Elasticity and anelasticity, stress-strain relations –
© EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag, 2007