Fracture and friction: Stick-slip motion
Institut für Festkörperforschung, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
2 L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, RAS, Kosygin str. 2, Moscow, Russia
3 P.L. Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems, RAS, Kosygin str. 2, 119334, Moscow, Russia
* e-mail: malinin@thp.
Accepted: 10 March 2005
Published online: 5 April 2005
We discuss the stick-slip motion of an elastic block sliding along a rigid substrate. We argue that for a given external shear stress this system shows a discontinuous nonequilibrium transition from a uniform stick state to uniform sliding at some critical stress which is nothing but the Griffith threshold for crack propagation. An inhomogeneous mode of sliding occurs when the driving velocity is prescribed instead of the external stress. A transition to homogeneous sliding occurs at a critical velocity, which is related to the critical stress. We solve the elastic problem for a steady-state motion of a periodic stick-slip pattern and derive equations of motion for the tip and resticking end of the slip pulses. In the slip regions we use the linear friction law and do not assume any intrinsic instabilities even at small sliding velocities. We find that, as in many other pattern forming system, the steady-state analysis itself does not select uniquely all the internal parameters of the pattern, especially the primary wavelength. Using some plausible analogy to first-order phase transitions we discuss a “soft” selection mechanism. This allows to estimate internal parameters such as crack velocities, primary wavelength and relative fraction of the slip phase as functions of the driving velocity. The relevance of our results to recent experiments is discussed.
PACS: 62.20.Mk Fatigue, brittleness, fracture, and cracks – / 46.50.+a Fracture mechanics, fatigue and cracks – / 46.55.+d Tribology and mechanical contacts –
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2005