Vibrated sessile drops: Transition between pinned and mobile contact line oscillations
Physico-Chimie Curie, UMR 168 Institut Curie / CNRS, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231, Cedex 05 Paris, France
We study the effects of vertical vibrations on non-wetting large water sessile drops flattened by gravity. The solid substrate is characterized by a finite contact angle hysteresis (10-15 degrees). By varying the frequency and the amplitude of the vertical displacement, we observe two types of oscillations. At low amplitude, the contact line remains pinned and the drop presents eigen modes at different resonance frequencies. At higher amplitude, the contact line moves: it remains circular but its radius oscillates at the excitation frequency. The transition between these two regimes arises when the variations of contact angle exceed the contact angle hysteresis. We interpret different features of these oscillations, such as the decrease of the resonance frequencies at larger vibration amplitudes. The hysteresis acts as “solid” friction on the contour oscillations, and gives rise to a stick-slip regime at intermediate amplitude.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, and Springer-Verlag, 2004