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Soft Matter and Biological Physics

Eur. Phys. J. E 1, 27-40

Grafted polymers with annealed excluded volume:
A model for surfactant association in brushes

E.P.K. Currie1 - G.J. Fleer1 - M.A. Cohen Stuart1 - O.V. Borisov1,2

1 University of Wageningen, Department of Physical and Colloid Chemistry, 6703 HB Wageningen, The Netherlands
2 Institute of Macromolecular Compounds of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 199004, St. Petersburg, Russia
borisov@zx.basf-ag.de

Received 26 November 1998 and Received in final form 2 April 1999

Abstract
We present an analytical self-consistent-field (SCF) theory for a neutral polymer brush (a layer of long polymer chains end-grafted to a surface) with annealed excluded volume interactions between the monomer units. This model mimics the reversible adsorption of solute molecules or aggregates, such as small globular proteins or surfactant micelles, on the grafted chains. The equilibrium structural properties of the brush (the brush thickness, the monomer density profile, the distribution of the end segments of the grafted chains) as well as the overall adsorbed amount and the adsorbate density profile are analyzed as a function of the grafting density, the excluded volume parameters and the chemical potential (the concentration) of the adsorbate in the solution. We demonstrate that, when the grafting density is varied, the overall adsorbed amount always exhibits a maximum, whereas the root-mean-square brush thickness either increases monotonically or passes through a (local) minimum. At high grafting densities the chains are loaded by adsorbed aggregates preferentially in the distal region of the brush, whereas in the region proximal to the grafting surface depletion of aggregates occurs and the polymer brush retains an unperturbed structure. Depending on the relative strength of the excluded volume interactions between unloaded and loaded monomers both the degree of loading of the chains and the polymer density profile are either continuous or they exhibit a discontinuity as a function of the distance from the grafting surface. In the latter case intrinsic phase separation occurs in the brush: the dense phase consists of unloaded and weakly extended chains and occupies the region proximal to the surface, whereas a more dilute phase consisting of highly loaded and strongly extended chains forms the periphery of the brush.

PACS
36.20.Ey Conformation (statistics and dynamics) - 61.25.Hq Macromolecular and polymer solutions; polymer melts; swelling - 82.70.Dd Colloids

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