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Soft Matter and Biological Physics

Eur. Phys. J. E 1, 41-53

Ultrasound and light scattering from a suspension of reversible fractal clusters in shear flow

P. Snabre1 - L. Haider2 - M. Boynard2

1 Institut de Science et de génie des matériaux et procédés, B.P. 5, 66125 Font-Romeu Cedex, France
2 Groupe de Biophysique (GRPB), UFR Biomédicale, 45 rue des Sts-Peres, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France
snabre@imp-odeillo.fr

Received 12 November 1998 and Received in final form 17 May 1999

Abstract
Shear break-up of reversible fractal clusters is investigated by ultrasound and multiple light scattering in the low shear regime. We consider a dense suspension of Rayleigh scatterers (particles or clusters) with acoustic properties close to those of the surrounding liquid so that the attenuation of the ultrasonic coherent field is weak and multiple scattering is negligible. The concept of variance in local particle volume fraction is used to derive an original expression of the ultrasound scattering cross-section per unit volume for Rayleigh fractal clusters. On the basis of a scaling law for the shear break-up of aggregates, then we derive the shear stress dependence of the ultrasound scattered intensity from a suspension of reversible fractal clusters. In a second part, we present rheo-acoustical experiments to study the shear break-up of hardened red cell aggregates in plane-plane flow geometry and we examine both the self consistent field approximation and the scaling laws used in microrheological models. We further compare the ability of acoustical backscattering and optical reflectometry techniques to estimate the critical disaggregation shear stress and the particle surface adhesive energy. Finally, the microrheological model from Snabre and Mills [5] based on a fractal approach is shown to describe the non Newtonian behavior of a dense distribution of hardened red cell aggregates.

PACS
42.25.Fx Diffraction and scattering - 43.35.+d Ultrasonics, quantum acoustics, and physical effects of sound - 43.80.+p Bioacoustics

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