Regular Article - Living Systems
Model chromatin flows: numerical analysis of linear and nonlinear hydrodynamics inside a sphere
Center for Soft Matter Research, Department of Physics, New York University, 10003, New York, NY, USA
Accepted: 25 July 2023
Published online: 4 August 2023
We solve a hydrodynamic model of active chromatin dynamics, within a confined geometry simulating the cell nucleus. Using both analytical and numerical methods, we describe the behavior of the chromatin polymer driven by the activity of motors having polar symmetry, both in the linear response regime as well as in the long-term, fully nonlinear regime of the flows. The introduction of a boundary induces a particular geometry in the flows of chromatin, which we describe using vector spherical harmonics, a tool which greatly simplifies both our analytical and numerical approaches. We find that the long-term behavior of this model in confinement is dominated by steady, transverse flows of chromatin which circulate around the spherical domain. These circulating flows are found to be robust to perturbations, and their characteristic size is set by the size of the domain. This gives us further insight into active chromatin dynamics in the cell nucleus, and provides a foundation for development of further, more complex models of active chromatin dynamics.
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