Regular Article - Living Systems
Investigation of human β-defensins 1, 2 and 3 in human saliva by molecular dynamics
Faculty of Engineering, University of Turkish Aeronautical Association, 06790, Ankara, Turkey
2 Faculty of Dentistry, Adıyaman University, 02000, Adıyaman, Turkey
Accepted: 13 December 2022
Published online: 21 December 2022
Human β-defensins present in saliva have a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activities that work against infections in oral cavity. To provide a better understanding of these molecules’ properties and functions at the molecular level, we have investigated and compared the important structural properties of human β-defensin-1, -2 and -3 using molecular dynamics simulations. Our results have shown that human β-defensin-3 has a more flexible structure in water than the other two because of its high hydrophilicity, low β-sheet content and high repulsive forces between its charged residues. Moreover, we found that the location of the salt bridges is important in protein's stability in water.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022. Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.