Regular Article - Soft Matter
Collective dynamics and shattering of disturbed two-dimensional Lennard–Jones crystals
School of Physics and Astronomy, Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240, Shanghai, China
Accepted: 26 October 2022
Published online: 1 November 2022
Elucidating collective dynamics in crystalline systems is a common scientific question in multiple fields. In this work, by combination of high-precision numerical approach and analytical normal mode analysis, we systematically investigate the dynamical response of two-dimensional Lennard–Jones crystal as a purely classical mechanical system under random disturbance of varying strength, and reveal rich microscopic dynamics. Specifically, we observe highly symmetric velocity field composed of sharply divided coherent and disordered regions, and identify the order–disorder dynamical transition of the velocity field. Under stronger disturbance, we reveal the vacancy-driven shattering of the crystal. This featured disruption mode is fundamentally different from the dislocation-unbinding scenario in two-dimensional melting. We also examine the healing dynamics associated with vacancies of varying size. The results in this work advance our understanding about the formation of collective dynamics and crystal disruption, and may have implications in elucidating relevant non-equilibrium behaviors in a host of crystalline systems.
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