Regular Article - Soft Matter
A simple model for viscoelastic crack propagation
PGI-1, FZ Jülich, Jülich, EU, Germany
Accepted: 30 November 2020
Published online: 11 February 2021
When a crack propagates in a viscoelastic solid, energy dissipation can occur very far from the crack tip where the stress field may be very different from the singular form expected close to the crack tip. Most theories of crack propagation focus on the near crack tip region. Remarkable, here I show that a simple theory which does not account for the nature of the stress field in the near crack tip region results in a crack propagation energy in semiquantitative agreement with a theory based on the stress field in the near crack tip region. I consider both opening and closing crack propagation and show that for closing crack propagation in viscoelastic solids, some energy dissipation processes must occur in the crack tip process zone. The theory is illustrated by new experimental results for the adhesive interaction between a silica glass ball and a silicone rubber surface.
© The Author(s) 2021
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