Sedimentation rate of erythrocyte from physics prospective
West Los Angles College, Science Division, 9000 Overland Ave, 90230, Culver City, CA, USA
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Accepted: 3 March 2020
Published online: 23 March 2020
An erythrocytes sedimentation rate (ESR) measures how fast a blood sample sediments along a test tube in one hour in a clinical laboratory. Since elevated level of ESR is associated with inflammatory diseases, ESR is one of the routine hematology test in a clinical laboratory. In this paper, the physics of erythrocyte (RBC) sedimentation rate as well as the dynamics of the RBC is explored by modeling the dynamics of the cells as the motion of Brownian particle moving in a viscous medium. The viscous friction of blood is considered to decrease as the temperature of the medium increases. The results obtained in this work show that the ESR increases as the number of red blood cells (that bind together in the sedimentation process) steps up. The room temperature also affects the sedimentation rate. As the room temperature rises up, the ESR steps up. Furthermore the dynamics of the RBC along a Westergren pipet that is held in an upright position is explored. The exact analytic result depicts that the velocity of cells increases as the number of cells that form rouleaux steps up. Since our study is performed by considering physiological parameters, the results obtained in this work not only can be justified experimentally but also helps to understand most hematological experiments that are conducted in vitro.
Key words: Flowing Matter: Liquids and Complex Fluids
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2020