Dissipative flows of 2D foams
Campus de Beaulieu, Bât. 11A, GMCM, Université de Rennes (CNRS), CS 74205 263, av. du Général Leclerc,, 35042, Rennes Cedex, France
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Accepted: 18 July 2005
Published online: 6 October 2005
We analyze the flow of a liquid foam between two plates separated by a gap of the order of the bubble size (2D foam). We concentrate on the salient features of the flow that are induced by the presence, in an otherwise monodisperse foam, of a single large bubble whose size is one order of magnitude larger than the average size. We describe a model suited for numerical simulations of flows of 2D foams made up of a large number of bubbles. The numerical results are successfully compared to analytical predictions based on scaling arguments and on continuum medium approximations. When the foam is pushed inside the cell at a controlled rate, two basically different regimes occur: a plug flow is observed at low flux whereas, above a threshold, the large bubble migrates faster than the mean flow. The detailed characterization of the relative velocity of the large bubble is the essential aim of the present paper. The relative velocity values, predicted both from numerical and from analytical calculations that are discussed here in great detail, are found to be in fair agreement with experimental results from the preprint Experimental evidence of flow destabilization in a 2D bidisperse foam by the present authors (2005).
PACS: 82.70.Rr Aerosols and foams – / 83.50.Ha Flow in channels – / 83.60.La Viscoplasticity; yield stress –
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2005