Transient-state method for coupled evaluation of Soret and Fick coefficients, and related tortuosity factors, using free and porous packed thermodiffusion cells: Application to CuSO4 aqueous solution ( 0.25M)
Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse, INP-Université Paul Sabatier-CNRS, Avenue Professeur Camille Soula, 31400, Toulouse, France
2 Université de Mons-Hainaut, Belgium
Accepted: 21 October 2004
Published online: 16 November 2004
The measurement of Soret coefficients in liquids is not easy and usually not very precise because the resulting concentration gradient is small and moreover can be perturbed by undesired convection currents. In order to suppress, or to drastically reduce these convection currents, the use of a porous medium is sometimes suggested. The question arises as to whether the Soret coefficient is the same in free fluid and in porous medium. This is the aim of this paper. To this end, for a given liquid mixture, the time evolution of the vertical concentration gradient is experimentally measured in the same thermodiffusion cell filled first with the free liquid and next with a porous medium followed by saturation by the liquid mixture. Both the isothermal diffusion (Fick) coefficient and the Soret coefficient can be deduced, providing that a correct working equation is used. The proposed equation results from integration of the general mass conservation equation with realistic boundary conditions (zero mass flux at the boundaries) and some simplifying assumptions rendering this equation more tractable than the one proposed some decades ago by Bierlein (J.A. Bierlein, J. Chem. Phys. 23, 10 (1955)). The method is applied here to an electrolytic solution (CuSO4, 0.25 M) at a mean temperature of 37° C. The Soret coefficients in free and porous medium (zircon microspheres in the range of 250- 315 . 10-6 m) may be considered to be equal ( S T = 13.2±0.5 . 10-3 K-1) and the tortuosity factors for the packed medium are the same relative to thermodiffusion and Fick coefficients ( τ = 1.51±0.02).
PACS: 66.10.Cb Diffusion and thermal diffusion –
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2004