Monte Carlo simulation of particle aggregation and gelation: II. Pair correlation function and structure factor
Polyméres Colloïdes Interfaces, UMR CNRS, Université du Maine, F-72085, Le Mans cedex 9, France
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Diffusion-limited cluster aggregation and gelation are studied using lattice and off-lattice Monte Carlo simulations. The pair correlation function g(r) and the structure factor S(q) of the particle gels were investigated as a function of the volume fraction () and time. At volume fractions below , the gel structure is fractal on small length scales with . g(r) shows a weak minimum at the correlation length (), before reaching the average concentration at large length scales. The cut-off function of g(r) varies during the aggregation process, but at a given , where is the gel time, it is a universal function of . At high volume fractions, the structure is dominated by excluded-volume interactions, while at low volume fractions, it is determined by the connectivity.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, and Springer-Verlag, 2004