Experimental impact of the history of packing on the mean pressure in silos
Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux Divisés et des Interfaces, UMR 81 08, Université de Marne-la-Vallée, 5, Boulevard Descartes, 77 454, Champs-sur-Marne Cedex 2, France
* e-mail: email@example.com
The role played by the history of packing in the behaviour of a granular material confined in a column is studied experimentally. The mean pressure applied by the granular assembly to the base is measured as a function of the height of material poured in the column. We obtain reproducible mean vertical normal stress measurements without using a particular procedure to mobilise the wall friction. We focus on the influence of the filling method on the mean vertical normal stress. Filling the column via the edges induces a higher apparent mass of grain than filling it via the centre. Particular attention is devoted to the measurement of the effect of the force sensor stiffness. We show that the lower the base stiffness, the lower the mean pressure on the base. We also vary the packing fraction. We obtain an increasing relation between the apparent mass and the mean packing fraction, and show that this relation depends on the filling method.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, and Springer-Verlag, 2004