Impact craters in loose granular media
Department of Mechanics, Lanzhou University, 730000, Lanzhou, PRC
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The craters formed by the impact of steel balls with a loose sand bed are experimentally studied. Both crater size and morphology depend strongly on the impact angle. Two scaling laws, corresponding to length and width, respectively, are proposed.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, and Springer-Verlag, 2004