Dynamics of water in molecular sieves by dielectric spectroscopy
Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Göteborg, , Sweden
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Published online: 5 November 2003
We present recent dielectric data on the dynamics of water confined in molecular sieves with pore sizes 5 and 10 Å. The dielectric measurements in the frequency and temperature ranges 10-2-106 Hz and 120–300 K show three relaxation processes for both samples. In the case of the 10 Å pore the slowest process shows an Arrhenius temperature dependence at low temperatures (<220 K), while at high temperatures the relaxation appears to follow a more Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) like behaviour. The relaxation time for this process is 100 s at about 170 K. The second slowest process is at low temperatures very similar to the main process of (bulk-like) water in a fully hydrated clay, but also this process seems to exhibit some kind of dynamical transition, in this case at T≈ 185 K. All the three processes in the 5 Å pore exhibit Arrhenius temperature dependence, and two of them are considerably slower than the main relaxation in the hydrated clay. Thus, dynamics of bulk-like water is only observed in the 10 Å molecular sieves, and most of the water molecules in both 5 and 10 Å pores have considerably slower dielectric relaxation than has been observed for water confined in clay, most likely due to strong interactions with the considerably more hydrophilic inner surfaces of molecular sieves.
PACS: codes. – 77.22.Gm - Dielectric loss and relaxation / codes. – 61.43.Gt - Powders, porous materials
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2003