Frequency dispersion of sound propagation in Rouse polymer melts via generalized dynamic random phase approximation
Physics Department, Moscow State University, 119992, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, Russia
2 Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospect 29, 119991, Moscow, Russia
An extended generalization of the dynamic random phase approximation (DRPA) for L-component polymer systems is presented. Unlike the original version of the DRPA, which relates the matrices of the collective density-density time correlation functions and the corresponding susceptibilities of concentrated polymer systems to those of the tracer macromolecules and so-called broken-links system (BLS), our generalized DRPA solves this problem for the matrices of the coupled susceptibilities and time correlation functions of the component number, kinetic energy and flux densities. The presented technique is used to study propagation of sound and dynamic form-factor in disentangled (Rouse) monodisperse homopolymer melt. The calculated ultrasonic velocity and absorption coefficient reveal substantial frequency dispersion. The relaxation time is proportional to the degree of polymerization N, which is N times less than the Rouse time and evidences strong dynamic screening because of interchain interaction. We discuss also some peculiarities of the Brillouin scattering in polymer melts. Besides, a new convenient expression for the dynamic structure function of the single Rouse chain in representation is found.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, and Springer-Verlag, 2003