Some general features of limited coalescence in solid-stabilized emulsions
Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal, CNRS, Av. A. Schweitzer, 33600 Pessac, France
2 Surfactant & Colloid Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Hull, HU6 7RX, Hull, UK
3 Laboratoire des Milieux Dispersès Alimentaires, ISTAB, Université Bordeaux 1, Av. des Facultés, 33400 Talence, France
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We produce direct and inverse emulsions stabilized by solid mineral particles. If the total amount of particles is initially insufficient to fully cover the oil-water interfaces, the emulsion droplets coalesce such that the total interfacial area between oil and water is progressively reduced. Since it is likely that the particles are irreversibly adsorbed, the degree of surface coverage by them increases until coalescence is halted. We follow the rate of droplet coalescence from the initial fragmented state to the saturated situation. Unlike surfactant-stabilized emulsions, the coalescence frequency depends on time and particle concentration. Both the transient and final droplet size distributions are relatively narrow and we obtain a linear relation between the inverse average droplet diameter and the total amount of solid particles, with a slope that depends on the mixing intensity. The phenomenology is independent of the mixing type and of the droplet volume fraction allowing the fabrication of both direct and inverse emulsion with average droplet sizes ranging from micron to millimetre.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, and Springer-Verlag, 2003