Monodisperse dry granular flows on inclined planes: Role of roughness
IUSTI-CNRS UMR 6595,
Polytech'Marseille, Technopôle de Château-Gombert, 13453, Marseille, France
* e-mail: Celine.Goujon@polytech.univ-mrs.fr
Published online: 17 June 2003
Recent studies have pointed out the importance of the basal friction on the dynamics of granular flows. We present experimental results on the influence of the roughness of the inclined plane on the dynamics of a monodisperse dry granular flow. We found experimentally that there exists a maximum of the friction for a given relative roughness. This maximum is shown to be independent of the slope angle. This behavior is observed for four planes with different bump sizes (given by the size of the beads glued on the plane) from 200 μm to 2 mm. The relative roughness corresponding to the maximum of the friction can be predicted with a geometrical model of stability of one single bead on the plane. The main parameters are the size of the bumps and the size of the flowing beads. In order to obtain a higher precision, the model also takes into account the spacing between the bumps of the rough plane. Experimental results and model are in good agreement for all the planes we studied. Other parameters, like the sphericity of the beads, or irregularities in the thickness of the layer of glued particles, are shown to be of influence on the friction.
PACS: 45.70.Mg Granular flow: mixing, segregation and stratification – / 45.70.Ht Avalanches – / 45.50.-j Dynamics and kinematics of a particle and a system of particles –
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, Società Italiana di Fisica, 2003