2019 Impact factor 1.812
Soft Matter and Biological Physics


Eur. Phys. J. E 8, 201-207 (2002)
DOI: 10.1140/epje/i2001-10087-5

Effects of entanglement concentration on $\mth{T_{\rm g}}$ and local segmental motions

P. Bernazzani1, S.L. Simon1, D.J. Plazek2 and K.L. Ngai3

1  Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409-3121, USA
2  Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
3  Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5320, USA

sindee.simon@coe.ttu.edu

(Received 15 August 2001 and Received in final form 2 March 2002)

Abstract
The process of spin-coating to fabricate thin polymer films with high molecular weight can produce samples with entanglement concentrations that are far below the equilibrium value. It is not clear whether or not such low entanglement concentrations are responsible for the depression of the glass temperature in thin polymer films. In this work, we measure the calorimetric glass temperature and viscoelastic response of polystyrenes with molecular weights ranging from $3 \times 10^{3}$ to $43.7 \times 10^{6}$ g/mol, for both bulk material and for samples freeze-dried from dilute solution. We conclude that the reduction of the glass temperature observed in thin polymer films cannot be due to the reduced entanglement concentration in the samples.

PACS
64.70.Pf - Glass transitions.
68.60.Bs - Mechanical and acoustical properties.
62.20.Hg - Creep.
65.20.+w - Thermal properties of liquids: heat capacity, thermal expansion, etc..


© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2002