Eur. Phys. J. E 6, 305-314 (2001)
The mechanisms of recrystallization after melting in syndiotactic polypropylene and isotactic polystyreneM. Al-Hussein and G. Strobl
Fakultät für Physik, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Hermann-Herder-Str. 3, 79104 Freiburg, Germany firstname.lastname@example.org
(Received 23 July 2001 and Received in final form 4 October 2001)
Several semicrystalline polymers show a recrystallization after melting during a heating scan. We have studied the mechanisms of such recrystallization processes for two different polymers, namely syndiotactic polypropylene (sPP) and isotactic polystyrene (iPS). This was done by monitoring the structure evolution during the recrystallization process and its changes during a subsequent heating scan via time- and temperature-dependent SAXS measurements, respectively. The results of this study showed that the sPP samples exhibited a recrystallization mechanism similar to the multi-stage route found upon initial crystallization of semicrystalline polymers from an entangled melt. Meanwhile, a different recrystallization mechanism was shown by the iPS samples. In this case, the recrystallization process proceeded as a direct growth into the melt in a one-step process. This is the first time we have observed such a mechanism which resembles the picture presented by the classical models for crystallization from an entangled polymer melt. The reason for such different mechanisms may be related to the initial melt state prior to crystallization. It seems as though, when crystallization sets in an entangled polymer melt, it follows the multi-stage route, whereas if the melt is locally disentangled, it proceeds by a direct growth mechanism.
61.41.+e - Polymers, elastomers, and plastics.
64.70.-p - Specific phase transitions.
64.60.My - Metastable phases.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2001