2019 Impact factor 1.812
Soft Matter and Biological Physics
Eur. Phys. J. E 3, 87-97 (2000)
DOI: 10.1007/s101890070044

Droplet suction on porous media

L. Bacri and F. Brochard-Wyart

Laboratoire Physico-Chimie Curie - Unité Mixte de Recherche 168, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Institut Curie, 26 rue d'Ulm, 75248 Paris Cedex 05, France (In collaboration with Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France.)


(Received 19 January 2000)

We study the forced aspiration of small ($\approx$ mm) and large ($\approx$ cm) liquid drops, deposited on prewetted porous membranes, and pumped mechanically with a constant current J. Two kinds of membranes are used where the pores are i) disconnected, cylindrical and calibrated or ii) interconnected "sponge-like". Whatever the size of the drops and the intensity J of the current, two suction regimes are observed versus time: 1) a "locked" regime, when the drop is pinned, with a dynamic contact angle decreasing from advancing ( ${\theta}_{\rm a}$) to finite receding ( ${\theta}_{\rm r}$) contact angle; 2) an "unlocked" regime, where the contour line recedes with a constant contact angle closed to ${\theta}_{\rm r}$. In both regimes, the shape of the drop remains quasistatic, during the suction process, i.e. a spherical cap for small drops and a flat "gravity pancake" for large ones.

68.45.Gd - Wetting.
47.55.Mh - Flows through porous media.

© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2000