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Soft Matter and Biological Physics
Eur. Phys. J. E 1, 301-317

Influence of the nematic order on the rheology and conformation of stretched comb-like liquid crystalline polymers

V. Fourmaux-Demange1 - A. Brûlet1 - F. Boué1 - P. Davidson2 - P. Keller3 - J.P. Cotton1

1 Laboratoire Léon Brillouin (CEA-CNRS), CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif/Yvette, France - Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Bât. 510, Université Paris XI, 91405 Orsay, France
2 Institut Curie, Section de Recherche, 75231 Paris Cedex 5, France

Received 5 May 1999 and Received in final form 18 October 1999

We have studied the rheology and the conformation of stretched comb-like liquid-crystalline polymers. Both the influence of the comb-like structure and the specific effect of the nematic interaction on the dynamics are investigated. For this purpose, two isomers of a comb-like polymetacrylate polymer, of well-defined molecular weights, were synthesized: one displays a nematic phase over a wide range of temperature, the other one has only an isotropic phase. Even with high degrees of polymerization N, between 40 and 1000, the polymer chains studied were not entangled. The stress-strain curves during the stretching and relaxation processes show differences between the isotropic and nematic comb-like polymers. They suggest that, in the nematic phase, the chain dynamics is more cooperative than for a usual linear polymer. Small-angle neutron scattering has been used in order to determine the evolution of the chain conformation after stretching, as a function of the duration of relaxation t/Ir. The conformation can be described with two parameters only: $\lambda_\mathrm{p}$, the global deformation of the polymer chain, and p, the number of statistical units of locally relaxed sub-chains. For the comb-like polymer, the chain deformation is pseudo-affine: $\lambda_\mathrm{p}$ is always smaller than $\lambda$ (the deformation ratio of the whole sample). In the isotropic phase, $\lambda_\mathrm{p}$ has a constant value, while pincreases as t/Ir. This latter behavior is not that expected for non-entangled chains, in which p varies as t/Ir1/2 (Rouse model). In the nematic phase, $\lambda_\mathrm{p}$ decreases as a stretched exponential function of t/Ir, while p remains constant. The dynamics of the comb-like polymers is discussed in terms of living clusters from which junctions are produced by interactions between side chains. The nematic interaction increases the lifetime of these junctions and, strikingly, the relaxation is the same at all scales of the whole polymer chain.

61.30.-v Liquid crystals - 83.10.Nm Polymer dynamics - 61.12.Ex Neutron scattering techniques (including small-angle scattering) - 83.50.-v Deformation; material flow

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