Transverse polarizability of an aligned assembly of charged rods
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, 610 Taylor Road, 08854-8087, Piscataway, NJ, USA
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Accepted: 6 November 2009
Published online: 3 December 2009
The low-field transverse polarizability of the counterions condensed on an isolated charged rod is small. We show that it can be much larger if the rod is a member of an assembly of aligned rods. The polarization free energy of the assembly of rods in a transverse field is then similar to its polarization free energy in a field parallel to the rods. The polarization free energy of the assembly in a transverse field becomes lower than in a parallel field if the extent of the assembly (as measured, for example, by the diameter of a cylindrical assembly) is larger than the length of the individual rods. We suggest that this model may provide a reasonable explanation for the occurrence of “anomalous” birefringence in systems of interacting charged rodlike particles.
© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2009