2017 Impact factor 1.802
Soft Matter and Biological Physics


Eur. Phys. J. E 5, 97-103

The osmotic coefficient of rod-like polyelectrolytes: Computer simulation, analytical theory, and experiment

M. Deserno1, C. Holm1, J. Blaul2, M. Ballauff2 and M. Rehahn3

1  Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Ackermannweg 10, 55128 Mainz, Germany
2  Polymer-Institut, Universität Karlsruhe, Kaiserstraße 12, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany
3  Institut für Makromolekulare Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Petersenstraße 22, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany

markus@chem.ucla.edu
holm@mpip-mainz.mpg.de

(Received 25 July 2000 and Received in final form 4 December 2000)

Abstract
The osmotic coefficient of solutions of rod-like polyelectrolytes is considered by comparing current theoretical treatments and simulations to recent experimental data. The discussion is restricted to the case of monovalent counterions and dilute, salt-free solutions. The classical Poisson-Boltzmann solution of the cell model correctly predicts a strong decrease in the osmotic coefficient, but upon closer look systematically overestimates its value. The contribution of ion-ion-correlations are quantitatively studied by MD simulations and the recently proposed DHHC theory. However, our comparison with experimental data obtained on synthetic, stiff-chain polyelectrolytes shows that correlation effects can only partly explain the discrepancy. A quantitative understanding thus requires theoretical efforts beyond the restricted primitive model of electrolytes.

PACS
61.41.+e - Polymers, elastomers, and plastics.
87.15.Aa - Theory and modeling; computer simulation.


© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2001