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Inelastic collisional effect on a dilute granular shock layer with a heated wall
Department of Advanced Energy, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, 277-8561, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan
Accepted: 18 February 2011
Published online: 24 March 2011
The inelastic collisional effect on a shock layer of a dilute granular gas with a heated wall is numerically studied. To investigate the inelastic collisional effect via the gain term in the inelastic Boltzmann equation on the shock layer, an inelastic Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (BGK) type equation, whose loss term is equivalent to that in the inelastic Boltzmann equation, is formulated on the basis of the kinetic theory of the granular gas. The inelastic BGK-type equation formulated for a hard-sphere particle is generalized to that for an inverse power law (IPL) molecule. Numerical results in a weakly inelastic regime confirm the nonequilirium contribution to the cooling rate, when the collision frequency depends on the particle velocity. The profile of the negative high-velocity tail of the distribution function in the generation regime of the shock wave obtained by the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo method is higher than that obtained by the proposed BGK-type equation when the collision frequency depends on the particle velocity because of the inelastic collisional effect via the gain term in the inelastic Boltzmann equation, which is not included in the proposed BGK-type equation.
© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2011