Discrete rearranging disordered patterns, part II: 2D plasticity, elasticity and flow of a foamP. Marmottant, C. Raufaste and F. Graner
Laboratoire de Spectrométrie Physique, UMR5588, CNRS-Université Grenoble I, B.P. 87, F-38402, St Martin d'Hères Cedex, France
(Received 6 July 2007 / Published online 30 April 2008)
The plastic flow of a foam results from bubble rearrangements. We study their occurrence in experiments where a foam is forced to flow in 2D: around an obstacle; through a narrow hole; or sheared between rotating disks. We describe their orientation and frequency using a topological matrix defined in the companion paper (F. Graner, B. Dollet, C. Raufaste, and P. Marmottant, this issue, 25 (2008) DOI 10.1140/epje/i2007-10298-8), which links them with continuous plasticity at large scale. We then suggest a phenomenological equation to predict the plastic strain rate: its orientation is determined from the foam's local elastic strain; and its rate is determined from the foam's local elongation rate. We obtain a good agreement with statistical measurements. This enables us to describe the foam as a continuous medium with fluid, elastic and plastic properties. We derive its constitutive equation, then test several of its terms and predictions.PACS
83.80.Iz - Emulsions and foams.
83.10.Bb - Kinematics of deformation and flow.
62.20.F- - Deformation and plasticity. Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2008